African Wild Dog Facts

African wild dog portrait

The African wild dog, also known as the Cape hunting dog, and African painted dog, is a large, intelligent canine with a complex social life similar to a wolf.  On the hot plains and grasslands of Africa, wild dogs live in tight-knit packs of 20 to 40 animals, the members of which remain so for their entire lives, Often confused with hyenas and having a bit of a reputation, African wild dogs regularly appear on peoples least liked animals list. This page however, is unashamedly partial and will attempt to gain favor upon these fabulous fellows whose intense social drives echo back to the first four paws to ever recline beside us in dark caves of centuries past. Wild dogs are achingly social, playful, and full of mischief and raw energy. They are constantly on the move rarely staying in one location for more than a day or two, and this need for roaming space has contributed to their critical status in the wild. There are no preserves large enough to contain a pack of African wild dogs, and when they stray out onto farmlands and roadways they fall prey to car bumpers and farmers bullets.The African wild dog is the second largest canine in the world with the northern grey wolf being much heavier-  but not neccessarily taller. These dogs make lots of eerie noises and their habits of grinning and bowing to one another to show submision and friendship is perceived as skulking and kind of creepy to many observers. The most unfortunate habit wild dogs have is their hunting style. They will -as a group- grab a piece of their victim and basically tear it apart as opposed to using a choke hold. This is horrific site but actually make be a shorter death for the hapless victim. - African Wild Dog Facts

African wild dogs
   -AnimalStats-                African Wild Dog Facts
Male Female Young SocialUnit Home Habitat
dog bitch puppy, pup pack Africa savannas,grassland
Lifespan FavoriteFood Enemies Color JuvenileColor
GenderDifference
9-14 years antelope lion,hyena tri-color black + white females a bit bigger
Top Speed Avg.Height Avg.Length Tail Lngth Avg.Weight Endangered?
 37 mph 24-30 inches 3-3.5ft. 1-2ft 35 - 60lbs  yes - critically
EstrusCycle Gestation # of Young record litter Birth Weight At Birth
1 x year 68-72 days. 8-16 26 puppies  8-10 ounces blind, furred
Eyes Open Walk  Raised By Weaned Independent Maturity
 3 weeks  3 weeks pack  10-12 weeks 7 months 18 months

The African Wild Dog Power Pack

African wild dogs surround a hyenaThe African wild dogs intensely close pack structure is its greatest strength, making the pack  a force to be reckoned with. Wild dogs are the most efficient hunters in Africa. They are successful  80% of the time in bringing down  antelope,  pig, and massive prey such as zebra and wildebeast that may easily be 10 times the size of an individual dog.  After the hunt, the meal is freely distributed to pups, the nursing mom, and the sick, old or injured. Although they make a tremendous amount of noise and may scream and squabble, African wild dogs are rarely aggresive with eachother. In fact, it is often a race to submission rather than dominance, with each dog giving the other a wide-lipped grin, bowing their heads low and "ha- ha" or "huffing" in reverance.The wild dog pack is extremly tight-knit and works as a big well-oiled machine because of this harmony. They build up eachothers confidence with group "rallies" where they trot about shoulder to shoulder, tails held high, similiar to wolves. In numbers, they will take on some of the


largest land  predators in the world including hyenas and African lions, surrounding and tormenting their foe with a circle of grimacing determination. Wild dogs don't generally kill these big adversaries though. Usually the plan is just to gain whatever the larger animal had in its possesion or drive it from their territory,. - African Wild Dog Facts

African Wild Dog Facts and African Wild Dog Information Featuring the -AnimalStats- Fact Files

wild dog film strip

Making More African Wild Dogs

African wild dog puppies

Within the pack, generally only the dominant male and female, called the Alpha pair, will reproduce. After a  six week pregnancy the Alpha female will find a safe place, often an abandoned aardvark den, and deliver up to 20 puppies - the most in the canine kingdom! More commonly about 10 puppies are born. The entire pack helps in the rearing of this one litter. In the world of wild dogs it is the submissive animal who can most firvently beg that tends to eat first. Food is distributed to the youngest pack members and sometimes the Alpha pair are actually the last to eat. The pack will settle down for several weeks while the pups are growing, going out to hunt twice a day and bringing food back in thier bellies which they will regurgitate for the mother and pups to eat. At some point, however, in a strange twist, the mother will join in the hunts - being the Alpha female with lots of experienc- and several designated "babysitters" usually males, will stay behind. Because the entire


pack contributes to the raising of one large litter of puppies a year, African wild dog puppies catch on quick, and may be seen out hunting with the pack by the time they are 6 months old. - African Wild Dog Facts


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Girl Power

African wild dogs playingFemale African wild dogs are often larger than males, and many male/female roles in the pack structure are reversed. Although the pack most often hunts together, when the Alpha female has a young litter it is usually a small group of adult males that will remain back at the den with her, tending to the many pups, while a hunting party of swift and powerful females set out first thing in the morning, and then again in late afternoon to procure the two meals a day the pack enjoys. But in one of the most unique role reversals, small groups of young females wean away from the pack to form a new pack of their own, or join a pack whose females have also left, while the majority of young males stay with the pack their entire lives, dutifully tending to the needs of another males puppies. Amazing!   - African Wild Dog Facts

Cricket?Owl?Dolphin?  No...Just an African Wild Dog

African wild dog teethThe African wild dog is an incredibly vocal animal emitting squeaks, chirps and hoots reminescent of many common birds, but few of the sounds created by the more familiar dog species we may have overheard.  Instead of howling in the night, a seperated  wild dog looking for the pack makes a "hoo" noise which sounds almost exactly like an owl! While hunting and feeding, the pack chirps and squeals like a flock of small birds, or a noisy pod of dolphins! - African Wild Dog Facts

Proximity=Play=Personality

Almost all animals are driven to play as youngsters practicing fight or flight techniques that will make them successful adults, Even without siblings or friends to experiment with, youngsters who grow up alone like certain antelope, bear or cat species will entertain themselves all day long with imaginative play. As most animals mature, however, play is replaced by the actual activities they once practiced and, especially with animals whose destiny after leaving their mothers side is to live a solitary life with only occasional interaction for breeding purposes, the urge to play may simply fade away. Many canine species maintain high levels of play and joyful interaction with no real purpose all through their adult lives leading to mature animals that are full of curiosity and richness of character - African Wild Dog Facts.

 

A Few More African Wild DogFacts

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Extreme close-up African wild dogAfrican wild dog pack

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